Type 2 Diabetes Definition
Type 2 diabetes definition
Type 2 is a metabolic disorder where our body cells unable to metabolize sugar from blood which causes the increase in blood glucose (hyperglycemia). It happens due to following reasons:
- Insulin is not being produced in required amount
- Or the insulin produced is not being used up by our cells to metabolize sugar from blood (so our cells gets insulin resistant)
Why is Insulin not working?
Due to some metabolic condition, the cells of our body gets resistant to insulin produced and does not take glucose to get energy; this results in increased blood sugar and condition for diabetes develops
Ok, how common is Type 2 diabetes?
Well, it’s a more common form of diabetes, among 95 of the diabetic cases are type 2. It usually develops among adults who crossed 40 years of their age but instances among children are also getting to be seen.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
There are various reasons for Type 2 development but the major cause is the sedentary lifestyle among people. Ok, let me list the points which increase the chances of type 2 diabetes to develop:
1.Genetic reason: anyone with diabetic genes should understand that they are at high risk for getting diabetes.
- It has been found that South Asian and African-Caribbean descents are at higher risk
- Having first-degree relative dealing with diabetes
- My mother was diabetic and I always had in back of my mind that I may develop it in future. I tried to take extra precautions by exercising on daily basis but still on 27 years of my age I develop the condition (Read my full story by clicking here)
2.Overweight: People who are obese has higher risk of developing this condition
3.Age: Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult onset diabetes mainly seen in adults over the age of 40. So if you are above 40, be extra cautious toward living a sedentary lifestyle and taking lots of stress.
4. Stress: It is also a major contributor for not only diabetes but other health related complications like heart disease, depression, phycological problems etc.
- With the increasing aspirations, people are working hard than ever and there is less time for leisure, for family and for themselves. Pressure to do more sales, complete deadlines on time, earning more money for expensive lifestyle has all put us in lots of stress. That’s why more people are getting diagnosed with it than ever before
5. Physical inactivity
6. Unhealthy food: especially the ones that are easily available in market and is high on carb takes you on greater risk to develop the disease
What are the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes?
After learning Type 2 diabetes definition, it is important to understand its symptoms. The symptoms are more or less same as type 1 diabetes. But type 2 develops slowly and gradually and gets diagnosed when the symptoms get more profound and evident. Any person with type 2 shows following symptoms
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Hair fall
- Weight loss
- Muscle loss
- Genital Itchiness
- Unclear Vision
If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes get it confirmed that it is not LADA (Latent Autoimmuno Diabetes of Adults). LADA is a form of type 1 diabetes which develops slowly and is often confused with type 2 diabetes.
OK, I got type 2 diabetes; Now how what?
Well, good thing about type 2 is that you can reverse it by changing your food habit and being more active. It’s to be noted that managing type 2 is different than type1 and it also changes from person to person. Some people may need insulin to survive and some can easily manage it through oral medications.
Still, there are some rules you have to follow to manage your disease well;
1.Follow Low carb diet: Try to incorporate low carb diet on your meal plan; It may seem dif
ficult at first but with time you will get used to it. With time you will not only able to manage your sugar in control but will also feel light and energetic
- I have met people who believe that they can still eat everything they want and get away with it without any complication. It should be understood that eating high carb will always spike your blood sugar (even for a small duration) which will damage your nerves in long term and cause deadly complication to regret upon.
- There are lots of low carb recipes online; you can follow peaceloveandlowcarb.com to find different recipes that will tickle your taste buds and will never let you miss your old diet. Visiting the site you will be amazed by the kind of options the blog offers from vegetarian, non-vegetarian to low carb desserts
2. Regular Blood Check: At least for 2 months of starting your low carb diet you should check your blood sugar before and after the meal. With time you will understand how your body is responding to every meal you take and afterward you will get an idea of what to eat and how much to eat. After that, you may reduce the usage of expensive glucometer test strip as you already had an idea of your blood sugar after every meal. (click here to find how I manage my blood sugar successfully)
After that, you may reduce the usage of expensive glucometer test strip as you already had an idea of your blood sugar after every meal.
You can find the best glucometer from Amazon by clicking here
3.Meditation and Yoga: Try to be active and do exercise whichever you feel is good and comfortable for you.I will highly recommend joining yoga classes in your locality. Yoga will not only keep you physically fit but will train your mind for calmness.
You can buy best quality yoga mats from amazon by clicking this link
4.Take your medications on time: People tend to forget their medicines whenever they are burdened with heavy work load. One medicine skip will have repercussion later in form of diabetic complications
5.Yearly Body check-up: Diabetic patient has a risk of developing complication which may not be evident at first but may impact later by damaging your important organs. It is sensible to do yearly check up of your body especially eyes and foot which are at high risk
6.Stress-free life: Try to remove unnecessary expensive items that have little value to your life. Living life with bare minimum reduces stress of earning more and you can have a job of your choice which is less demanding and more fulfilling
After knowing Type 2 Diabetes definition and its causes it would also say that it can be blessing in disguise as it forces you to live a disciplined life and give you a chance to reverse the condition. But failing it to manage it properly can have serious repercussions which arise in the form of different diabetic related complications in your body. The complications are more or less similar to type 1 diabetes:
Short Term complications:
- Hypoglycemia (Low blood sugar): Injecting too much insulin as compared to carb intake would result in this condition. You can die if you failed to eat up enough carbs and bring your blood glucose to minimum level
- Ketoacidosis: This occurs if you failed to administer enough insulin in your body and your blood glucose is high for a long time
Long Term Complications:
- Kidney Disease
- Heart Disease
- Erectile dysfunction
These complications are quite serious and impact major organs of our body. If care is not taken they severely affect the life of a person and huge amount will be needed to take medical treatment.
As I have said type 2 diabetes develops slowly and in 50% of the diagnosed cases a lot of nerve damage has already been done by the continuous high sugar. As the cases of diabetes are rising day by day it is necessary to aware people about the disease and makes it mandatory for everyone to have a blood test at-least every six months for an early diagnosis.
After dealing with this introductory type 2 diabetes definition post, I will post various research, news and tips which will help you to get updated with latest trends and managing practices for easy management of the disease. Some of the important posts can be found below: