Side effects of sulfonylureas || Medicines of Diabetes

Are you a newly diagnosed diabetic?
i can understand your pain.
I can understand how emotional frustrating it is to get diagnosed with any disease.
This happened to me and it is happening to people around the world.

One of the most frustrating aspect of getting diagnosed is that you have to learn a lot of new things.
The learning curve is steep and along with that you have to manage you blood sugar.

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When i was diagnosed, i was thrown heavy technical jargons which filled me with resentment.
My purpose to come up with the article is to make things less complicated and make you aware of the effective measures to control the disease.


This article is specially for Type 2 diabetic who take oral medications to control their blood sugar.
This article is about one of sulfonylureas, which is one the common medicines used by Type 2 diabetics around the world.

What are Sulfonylureas?
It is group of medicines which stimulates the pancreas beta cell to produce more insulin.
For this medicine to work you need effective beta cells in your body, therefore, sulfonylureas do not work in Type 1 diabetic patients.

You can find different brand in the market under the following name:
a. Glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL)
b. Glimepride (Amaryl),
c. Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase)


Side effects of Sulfonylureas
There are some side effects associated with the medicines, which can go away once you get used to the medicine
1. Upset Stomach
2. Weight Gain
3. Headache
4. Drop in Red Blood Cells
5. Skin can get more sensitive to sunlight.
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight and wear sunscreen.
6. Itchy skin/ Skin rashes
7. Increase the risk of heart problems.

If you are taking these class of medicines, you need to take some of the precautions

1. Do not skip meals
Sulfonylureas stimulates beta cells to produce insulin throughout the day.
If you take this medicine, make sure you do not skip your meal otherwise you will get hypoglycemic (low blood sugar)
It is also advisable to keep some candies with you if in case you get into any medical emergency.

2. Type 1 diabetics should not try to take these medicines
People suffering from type 1 diabetes do not have any beta cell left in their pancreas.
The medicine will have no effect as they work by stimulating the beta cells.

3. People with liver or Kidney disorder should try to avoid these medicines.
It is always necessary to consult your doctor before taking sulfonulureas. Self prescribing the medicine can lead to dangerous complications.

4. Pregnant Women should be very careful with the medicine.
Consult your doctor regarding the appropriate dosage.

Though there are various medicines available in the market for diabetic patients. The best way to control your blood sugar is through proper diet and exercise.
If you follow the low carb diet, there is a possibility that you may need very little dose of these medicines,



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