So you know diabetes mellitus…

When I got diagnosed, I already knew what diabetes mellitus was (read my full story here) but after researching for few months, I comprehended that my knowledge is half baked and the information is just the tip of the iceberg.

I came across various diabetics in my locality and after brief conversation, I felt there is a need to dig deep into its nuances and update the community with relevant information

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What is Diabetes Mellitus?

It’s a disorder in which the blood sugar rises above normal levels. There is an organ called pancreas which produces a hormone called Insulin; Insulin is used by our cells to absorb glucose from blood for energy needs.

 

Why does it happen?

Well, it’s all link with a body hormone called Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a body organ)and helps in absorption of glucose by body cells. But in diabetes, either insulin is not produced enough or our cells get resistant to insulin, which causes a rise in blood sugar level that can ultimately lead to various complications.

 

Diabetes has been classified as follows:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (juvenile diabetes)

It’s a condition in which your pancreas produces very less or no insulin. It happens when your immune system destroys your pancreas beta cells; beta cells are the ones that produce insulin. It’s an auto-immune disorder, something in the environment tells the immune system to attack the beta cells and destroy them
Click here to read about Type 1 diabetes in detail

type 1 diabetes

  • It’s an auto-immune disorder (our immune system automatically attacks the beta cells)
  • Generally, starts under 20 years of age (that’s why it’s called juvenile diabetes); but can happen at any age
  • The condition makes the patient dependent on external source of insulin
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  1. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

It’s more of a lifestyle problem (sure there are other reasons also which we will see in detail later). Here the insulin produced by the pancreas is not been used by body cells etype 2 diabetesffectively (a term is known as insulin resistance) or sometimes the insulin produced by the pancreas is not enough for body requirements.
Click here to read type 2 diabetes in detail

Type 2 diabetes if managed well can be handled by the medication and can even reverse by following a strict diet and do regular exercise.


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  1. LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)

This phenomenon is very less known among the diabetic community and has been mistakenly understood as Type 2 

It is basically a form of type 1 which develops slowly and fully shows up at adulthood. Initially, it can be managed with medication but with the passage of time and destruction of beta cells, injecting insulin gets necessity.
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Diabetes

 

  1. Gestational diabetes

It develops to pregnant women during 24th -28th week of pregnancy. During pregnancy there are some hormonal changes which increase the sugar level in the body, if the pancreas cannot match up to produce more insulin to handle increased sugar level then the problem occurs.

Usually, it disappears once child is born but the mother would be at risk to develop Type 2 in future

Click here to read about Gestational diabetes in detail

 

Getting to know about the disease is the first step for its effective management; in the next series of post, I will be posting contents about diabetes and ways to effectively control it.
Further Read
Metformin effects on your body
Are dates good enough for diabetics?

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